At the 59th Session of the UN General Assembly, Member States, in adopting the Triennial Comprehensive Policy Review (TCPR) of Operational Activities for Development of the UN System called on all UN organizations to: mainstream gender and to pursue gender equality in their country programmes, plann
ing instruments and sector-wide programmes and to articulate specific country-level goals and targets in this field in accordance with the national development strategies .
Further, ECOSOC Resolution 2004/4 - Review of Economic and Social Council agreed conclusions 1997/2 on mainstreaming the gender perspective into all policies and programmes in the United Nations system requested: the Secretary-General to ensure that all United Nations entities develop action plans with time lines for implementing the agreed conclusions 1997/2, which address the gap between policy and practice identified in the Secretary-General s report, with a view to strengthening commitment and accountability at the highest levels within the United Nations system as well as to establishing mechanisms to ensure accountability, systematic monitoring and reporting on progress in implementation .
As a direct follow-up to the TCPR, and to ensure a comprehensive response to many of its recommendations, the UN Development Group (UNDG) created a Task Team on Gender Equality as a sub-group of the UNDG Programme Group. The goals of the Task Team are: to support more consistent and coherent action among UNDG member agencies to mainstream gender equality and promote women s empowerment at the country level; and to ensure that gender equality and women s empowerment are mainstreamed into the wide range of tools and processes that emerge from the UNDG for use by UN Country Teams (UNCTs).
In 2006, the UNDG Task Team on Gender Equality commissioned a background paper on accountability mechanisms in UNDG agencies. This paper reviewed accountability for programming in support of gender equality in ILO, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, and WFP and found that: A common understanding of how to apply gender mainstreaming in UN operational activities is needed. This is because if there is no agreement on what constitutes a minimum level of actions to support gender equality, how will it be possible to hold agencies and UN Country Teams accountable for this. Reaching agreement across agencies on what constitutes a minimally acceptable performance to support gender equality, through an agreed set of indicators, would contribute to stronger guidance and accountability . Subsequently this background paper was endorsed at the UNDG Principals meeting in July 2006, where agreement was reached on development of a UNCT-level Accounting for Gender Equality Scorecard that sets minimum standards for UNCTs to assess their performance, and to identify gaps and progress across the system.
The Gender Scorecard was endorsed by the UNDG in 2008 in response to the UN Chief Executive Board for Coordination 2006 Policy on gender equality and the empowerment of women (CEB/2006/2) to establish an accountability framework for assessing the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming by UN Country Teams. The UN SWAP formed another part of the accountability framework, focusing on the implementation of the policy at the entity level.
The QCPR calls for the United Nations development system to expand and strengthen the use of the Gender Scorecard as a planning and reporting tool for assessing the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming in the context of the UNDAF (OP 83). In this vein and in line with internal assessments, the UNCT SWAP-Scorecard methodology is being revised in tandem with the United Nations System-wide Action Plan for gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-SWAP) to ensure greater alignment with the UN-SWAP and the SDGs, drawing on good global practices with motivating, managing and measuring institutional change processes.
The United Nations system in Sudan consists of 18 resident and two non-resident agencies, programmes and funds. The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) covers the period of 2018- 2021.
The UN in Sudan aims to deliver one programme through the UNDAF, and is laying stronger foundation toward the adoption ofthe Delivering as One (DaO) approach. To ensure gender equality, activities under UNDAF will focus on the development of women s capacities, strengthening women s participation in decision-making processes and addressing negative traditional practices to promote gender equality, protection from harmful traditional practices and reproductive health rights. Protection against gender-based violence will be strengthened. The interventions will also focus on groups in vulnerability to promote equitable access to basic social services.
The UNCT has decided for the second time to undertake a gender score exercise to guide future planning and programming with the aim to fully integrate gender dimensions in its approach. To support the UNCT Sudan in developing a Scorecard, UN Women will recruit an international consultant.
In order to support the development of the gender-responsive UNDAF and ensure better accountability of UNCT towards gender equality and women s empowerment in line with UN corporative policy in this area, the UN Country Team Sudan will undertake an updated UNCT SWAP-Scorecard assessment. The Gender Scorecard will be used for UNCT s self-assessment and for identifying gaps and corrective actions during the UNDAF cycle. The UN RCO and UN Women will lead this process to complete the scorecard process in a participatory and timely manner.